Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, “to straighten” or “align”) is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses. An orthosis (plural: orthoses) is “an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system”. An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses. An orthosis may be used to:
Orthotics combines knowledge of anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, biomechanics and engineering. Patients benefiting from an orthosis may have a condition such as spina bifida or cerebral palsy, or have experienced a spinal cord injury or stroke. Equally, orthoses are sometimes used prophylactically or to optimise performance in sport.
A lower-limb orthosis is an external device applied to a lower-body segment to improve function by controlling motion, providing support through stabilizing gait, reducing pain through transferring load to another area, correcting flexible deformities, and preventing progression of fixed deformities.
Foot orthoses comprise a custom made insert or footbed fitted into a shoe. Commonly referred to as “orthotics” these orthoses provide support for the foot by redistributing ground reaction forces as well as realigning foot joints while standing, walking or running. A great body of information exists within the orthotic literature describing the sciences that might be used to aid people with foot problems as well as the impact “orthotics” can have on foot, knee, hip, and spine deformities. They are used by everyone from athletes to the elderly to accommodate biomechanical deformities and a variety of soft tissue inflammatory conditions such as plantar fasciitis. They may also be used in conjunction with properly fitted orthopaedic footwear in the prevention of foot ulcers in the at-risk diabetic foot.
“There are many routine treatments for foot problems, from anti-inflammatory pills to cortisone injections, to a million different pads, cushions, ointments and, of course, surgery. All of these have temporary, pain-relieving effects. But, if you want the chance to permanently solve the problem, you must change the way your feet function on the ground. And the only way to do that is to use a true custom, biomechanical orthotic.”
“Recommended by doctors and pedorthists worldwide, Lynco® is recognized as the #1 orthotic system on the market today. Millions of pairs have been sold to consumers seeking the quality and support of custom-made orthotics at an over-the-counter price. Lynco orthotics are available in a variety of styles to provide you with a custom selected solution based on your specific foot type and footwear style. Options include metatarsal support to provide additional protection at the ball-of-the-foot and medial posting to gently realign the rearfoot and control over-pronation. Join the millions throughout the world who now recognize that Lynco orthotics provide the easiest and most effective way to achieve maximum comfort and improved footwear performance.”
“Get more out of yourself with SOLS. SOLS 3D printed orthotics are an affordable way to feel, and look great every day. Improve your posture, align your balance, and live your life.”
“Formthotics™ are made by Foot Science International in New Zealand, using a unique design and manufacturing process that creates the ultimate custom orthotic.”
“Powerstep is a line of high-quality orthotic insoles that do more than just temporarily cushion your feet. By combining balance, support, and cushioning, our podiatrist-designed orthotics relieve foot pain, often completely.”